♄6 Week Mars, for example, was the god of war in Roman mythology, while the Germanic god of war was Tiw, whose name became part of Tuesday.  Knowledge of Greek astrology existed since about the 2nd century BC, but references to the vāsara occur somewhat later, during the Gupta period (Yājñavalkya Smṛti, c. 3rd to 5th century), i.e. In Swahili, the day begins at sunrise, unlike in the Arabic and Hebrew calendars where the day starts at sunset (therefore an offset of twelve hours), and unlike in the Western world where the day starts at midnight (therefore an offset of six hours). R & R. trip. ☉4 Bazaar Day Learn more about the mythic conflict between the Argives and the Trojans. , The days were named after the planets of Hellenistic astrology, in the order: Sun, Moon, Mars (Ares), Mercury (Hermes), Jupiter (Zeus), Venus (Aphrodite) and Saturn (Cronos).. , In Judaeo-Spanish (Ladino), which is mainly based on a medieval version of Spanish, the five days of Monday–Friday closely follow the Spanish names. Domingo comes from a Latin word meaning "Lord's day." The names of the days are based on the seven celestial bodies (the Sun, the Moon, Mars, Mercury, Jupiter, Venus, and Saturn), believed at that time to revolve around Earth and influence its events. ☉1 From Latin Dominicus (Dominica) or Greek Κυριακή ]) long weekend. ♀3 Jumu'ah (Muslim Sabbath) Our editors update and regularly refine this enormous body of information to bring you reliable information. Hungarian kettő "two") Colloquially, the week is also known as the "Prayer" (simplified Chinese: 礼拜; traditional Chinese: 禮拜; pinyin: Lǐbài), with the names of the days of the week formed accordingly. The difference with the other days is that English is a Germanic language, unlike Spanish which is a Latin or Romance language. "Wednesday" is a modification of "Woden's Day." The word for Thursday, Alhamisi, is of Arabic origin and means "the fifth" (day). ♂2 Second day of the week (cf. History of the Days of the Week in Spanish, Cognates Are Words That Have Similar Origins, Learn Basic Spanish With These Free Printables, Spanish Vocabulary for Lent, Holy Week, and Easter, Use and Omission of the Definite Article in Spanish, ‘James’ and ‘Diego’ May Share Common Origin, 13 Grammatical Mistakes You Can Avoid When Speaking Spanish. NOTE: The seven-day week originated in ancient Mesopotamia and became part of the Roman calendar in. In only a few cases were changes made. Those five planets plus the moon and sun made up the seven major astronomical bodies. The planets the ancient people were able to track in the sky were Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter, and Saturn. While the custom of numbering the days of the week was mostly prevalent in the Eastern Church, Portuguese and Galician, due to Martin's influence, are the only Romance languages in which the names of the days come from numbers rather than planetary names.. ☽3 Head of Week )", "Monday". The word for Friday, Ijumaa, is also Arabic and means (day of) "gathering" for the Friday noon prayers in Islam. ☽5 From an Old Burmese word, not of Indic origin. ♄5 End of the Week (Arabic Sabt = Rest) ☽2 After Bazaar The Chinese transliteration of the planetary system was soon brought to Japan by the Japanese monk Kobo Daishi; surviving diaries of the Japanese statesman Fujiwara no Michinaga show the seven-day system in use in Heian Period Japan as early as 1007. ☉6 No Work the Moon.  The days for the weekend, Saturday and Sunday, were not adopted using the Roman naming pattern. Learn more about the world with our collection of regional and country maps. Another early witness is a reference to a lost treatise by Plutarch, written in about AD 100, which addressed the question of: "Why are the days named after the planets reckoned in a different order from the 'actual' order?". It is very common to use the definite articles el or los with the days of the week. The "washing day" is also used in other North Germanic languages, but otherwise the names correspond to those of English. So "Los domingos hago huevos con tocino" would be a common way of saying "On Sundays I make eggs with bacon. ♀2 . getaway. The Greek and Latin names are as follows: Except for modern Portuguese and Mirandese, the Romance languages preserved the Latin names, except for the names of Sunday, which was replaced by [dies] Dominicus (Dominica), i.e. Thus we have los lunes, for "Mondays," los martes for (Tuesdays), and so on. Gerald Erichsen is a Spanish language expert who has created Spanish lessons for ThoughtCo since 1998. For the five weekdays, the names are the same in singular and plural. After the week was adopted in early Christianity, Sunday remained the first day of the week, but also gradually displaced Saturday as the day of celebration and rest, being considered the Lord's Day. The same is true with Mercury/miércoles, and Venus is viernes, meaning "Friday.". 1. Also, the English and Spanish names for the name of the seventh day of the week, "Saturday" and sábado, aren't related at all even though they look vaguely similar. Wakoklon Heelel Thilel Salai Amai Eelon Pukok PuYa, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Names of the days of the week § Days numbered from Monday, Akan names of the seven-day week, known as, http://www.learn-portuguese-with-rafa.com/days-of-the-week-in-portuguese.html, Bathrobe's Days of the Week in Chinese, Japanese & Vietnamese, plus Mongolian and Buryat, "Days of the Week in Chinese: Three Different Words for 'Week, International Earth Rotation and Reference Systems Service, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Names_of_the_days_of_the_week&oldid=983842912, Articles needing additional references from December 2013, All articles needing additional references, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2018, Articles containing Sinhala-language text, Articles containing Burmese-language text, Articles needing the year an event occurred from April 2015, Articles containing Chinese-language text, Articles containing simplified Chinese-language text, Articles containing traditional Chinese-language text, Articles containing Vietnamese-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2009, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, larunbata ("fourth", "meeting of friends"), neskenegun ("girls' day"), astelena ("week-first"), ilen ("Moon day"), barikua ("day without supper"), egubakotx, This page was last edited on 16 October 2020, at 15:36. In the international standard ISO 8601, Monday is treated as the first day of the week. Norse goddess Frigga, after whom Friday was named, was, like Venus, the goddess of love. 一 for "M" or "Mon(. Check our encyclopedia for a gloss on thousands of topics from biographies to the table of elements.