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Leonidas’ father was the Spartan king Anaxandrides, himself the son of King Leon. Half brother of Cleomenes I King of Sparta. Leonidas Genealogy. Please enable JavaScript in your browser's settings to use this part of Geni. Son of Anaxandridas II, king of Sparta and First Wife You can change your choices at any time by visiting Your Privacy Controls. Father of Pleistarchus, king of Sparta Leonidas was made king because Cleomenes had died without a son or another, closer male relative to serve as a suitable heir and reign as his successor. The Delphic Oracle is said to have made the following prophecy: For you, inhabitants of wide-wayed Sparta,Either your great and glorious city must be wasted by Persian men,Or if not that, then the bound of Lacedaemon must mourn a dead king, from Heracles' line.The might of bulls or lions will not restrain him with opposing strength; for he has the might of Zeus.I declare that he will not be restrained until he utterly tears apart one of these. Herodotus in his Histories describes the family lineage of Leonidas which could be traced back 20 generations to the mythical hero Hercules. The Spartan Ephors and Elders, to protect the royal lineage, forced Anaxandrides to take a second wife. He belonged to the Agiad Dynasty. Leonidas was crowned King after the death of his half-brother. King Leonidas of Sparta and the Battle at Thermopylae. Leonidas himself, however, remained behind and defended Sparta with his 300 Spartan soldiers and some other remaining Thespians and Thebans. Faced with a decision, Leonidas chose the second option. Leonidas and his troops fended off the Persian attacks for seven days straight, including three days of intense battle, while killing off large numbers of enemy troops. during the Persian Wars. It is estimated that the troops under Leonidas’ command numbered about 14,000, while the Persian forces consisted of hundreds of thousands. Leonidas was aware that his force was going to be flanked and taken over, and thus dismissed the vast majority of the Greek army rather than suffer more high casualties. Leonidas was a 5th century B.C. Leonidas was a 5th century B.C. His co-ruler was King Leotychidas. leonidas' younger siblings were cleombrotus, the regent, and dorieus. He helped other Greeks in the family to come to America. My grandfather died before I was born, therefore I didn't know him. Spartan military king who bravely led a small force of Greeks -- mostly Spartan (the famous 300), but also Thespians and Thebans -- against the much larger Persian army of Xerxes, at the pass of Thermopylae, in 480 B.C. According to Herodotus, Leonidas had been warned by the Delphic oracle that either Sparta would be destroyed or … There was also another tie between Leonidas and his half-brother Cleomenes: Leonidas was also married to Cleomenes' only child, the wise Gorgo, Queen of Sparta. My father's … N.S. While the future kings of Sparta were generally exempt from … SPARTA -- I never knew much about my Greek grandfather except he came from Sparta, Greece, and was a restaurant owner. Welcome to some of the best Leonidas genealogy resources found on the web. Thus, Leonidas is considered a decedent of Heracles. She has been featured by NPR and National Geographic for her ancient history expertise. Anaxandrides, however, had some problems in producing an heir after his first wife proved barren. People Projects Discussions Surnames Find out more about how we use your information in our Privacy Policy and Cookie Policy. military king of the Greek city-state of Sparta. Cleomenes' died of a suspected suicide. He is most well known for bravely leading a small force of Greeks, including the famous 300 Spartans, along with a few hundred Thespians and Thebans against the much larger Persian army of Xerxes, at the pass of ​Thermopylae in 480 B.C. The Agiad Dynasty claimed to be decedents of Heracles. The Greeks even held off the Persian’s elite Special Forces known as ‘The Immortals.’ Two of Xerxes brothers were killed by Leonidas’ forces in battle. We hope you will participate on the Leonidas forums, it is a great place to find or post information on Leonidas genealogy and is completely free to participate. Husband of Gorgo Queen of Sparta The 17th ruler of his line, he was the commander of the 7000 allied Greek forces (modern estimates) against the invading Persian army of 300,000 (modern estimates) at the ‘Battle of Thermopylae’. Genealogy for Leonidas Wilson (1858 - d.) family tree on Geni, with over 200 million profiles of ancestors and living relatives. Leonidas was killed in the resulting battle. Local man traces family lineage back to King Leonidas and the original "300" By JIM HANZAKOS Special to the Herald-Citizen. He was succeeded by his son, King Pleistarchus. the spouse of leonidas was gorgo, the daughter and only child of cleomenes I, king of sparta. Sparta received a request from the confederated Greek forces to help in defending and protecting Greece against the Persians, who were powerful and invading. We and our partners will store and/or access information on your device through the use of cookies and similar technologies, to display personalised ads and content, for ad and content measurement, audience insights and product development. Leonidas I of the Agiad dynasty was one of the two kings of the ancient Sparta during the years immediately leading up to the ‘Second Persian War’. Eventually, a local resident betrayed the Greeks and exposed a back route of attack to the Persians. Brother of Dorieus and Cleombrotus Regent of Sparta Leonidas I was a warrior king of the Greek city-state of Sparta, and the 17th of the Agiad line; a dynasty which claimed descent from the mythological demigod Heracles and Cadmus. Leonidas was the third son of Anaxandridas II of Sparta. during the Persian Wars. The Agiad Dynasty claimed to be decedents of Heracles. Thus, Leonidas led his army of 300 Spartans and soldiers from other city-states to face Xerxes in Thermopylae in August of 480 BC. To enable Verizon Media and our partners to process your personal data select 'I agree', or select 'Manage settings' for more information and to manage your choices. Geni requires JavaScript! He was the half-brother of the late King Cleomenes I of Sparta. Information about your device and internet connection, including your IP address, Browsing and search activity while using Verizon Media websites and apps. Yahoo is part of Verizon Media. Sparta, led by Leonidas, visited the Delphic oracle who prophesized that either Sparta would be destroyed by the invading Persian army, or the king of Sparta would lose his life. Spartan military king who bravely led a small force of Greeks -- mostly Spartan (the famous 300), but also Thespians and Thebans -- against the much larger Persian army of Xerxes, at the pass of Thermopylae, in 480 B.C. He was not willing to let the city of Sparta be wasted by the Persian forces. Thus, Leonidas is considered a decedent of Heracles. Leonidas was crowned King after the death of his half-brother. Persian Battle at Thermopylae in 300 Movie, Top Battle of Thermopylae (and Artemisum) Books, 30 Maps of Ancient Greece Show How a Country Became an Empire, Biography of Xerxes, King of Persia, Enemy of Greece, Biography of Artemisia I, Warrior Queen of Halicarnassus, M.A., Linguistics, University of Minnesota. during the Persian Wars. He was the half-brother of the late King Cleomenes I of Sparta. He succeeded his half-brother King Cleomenes I to the throne in c. 489 BC. Gill is a Latinist, writer, and teacher of ancient history and Latin.

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